Wellness and beauty are words commonly used in the common language, but their meanings and connections to one another are not clear. To determine their meanings, we used methods of network science to determine and analyze the semantic networks related to health and beauty in various age groups (Generation Z, Millennials, Generation X, and Baby Boomers) as well as in females and males. The mappings were made through the estimation of group-based semantic networks using association responses that were free to the 47 words in the list that are either connected to beauty, wellnessWellness, and the words Beauty and wellness. Beauty was frequently associated with elegance, Feminine, Gorgeous, Lovely, Sexy, and Stylish. The term “wellness” was frequently associated with Aerobics, Fitness and Holistic, Health Lifestyle, Medical nutrition and Thrive. Furthermore, the seniors had semantic networks which were not as connected and were more isolated from one another. We also found that women, in comparison in comparison to males, had the most distinct and arranged concepts about the notions of Beauty and wellness. In a society that is focused on the pursuit of aesthetics and healthy living, our findings shed new insight into the way people view health and beauty and how they relate to different generations of age and based on sex.


Beauty is an all-encompassing human desire (Grammer and Co., 2003; Zangwill, 2005, 2018; Scruton, 2011, 2018; Sartwell, 2017). We want to look beautiful and be surrounded by gorgeous things and make stunning objects ( Bloch and Richins, 1992Chatterjee, 2014Redies, 2014). Beauty is associated with nature-based objects (e.g., faces, landscapes, animals, faces, etc.) as well as with historical artifacts (e.g., art, sculpture as well as architectural designs; Menninghaus et al. 2019). Despite the focus on beauty, we lack knowledge of what beauty is and how it is related to various types of valuation.

The study of this obscure concept in relation to its associated concepts might help to understand the way people think about the concept of beauty ( Chatterjee, 2014Chatterjee and Vartanian 2014Menninghaus et and., 2019). Based on the framework of the aesthetic triad ( Chatterjee and Vartanian (20142016) An aesthetic experience like beauty is a result of three parts that include a sensory-motor component and an emotional-evaluative part and a knowledge-based component. Research and cognitive theory have tied the concept’s meaning to its semantic neighbors, e.g., concepts that are directly related to the concept ( Klimesch, 1987Landauer and Dumais, 1997Gunther et and., 2019). Therefore, a conceptual space of beauty could be deduced from the concepts that it is connected to.

In this research, we examine the knowledge-based aspect of the aesthetic triad by studying the natural language of participants. Beauty can also be linked to other types of values like judgments about beauty ( Dion et al. 1972Eagly et and. 1991) and notions of health ( Koskinen et al. 2017.). This study will investigate the concept of wellness and its relation to beauty. We apply the computational network science method to natural language to discover the extent to which people’s perceptions of wellness and beauty differ or are similar in gender and age.

The research in evolutionary psychology reveals notions of beauty as a reflection of an interest in attractive individuals over those who are not attractive when selecting partners ( Grammer et al. 2003). Beauty is valued in other types of valuation, for instance, in judging morality. This is called”the “Beauty is good” ( Dion et al., 1972Eagly et al., 1991). 1991) stereotyping. According to this myth, the attractive are thought to possess positive characteristics. People who are attractive also have good qualities. In a parallel research area, faces with anomalies like scars are judged by people as having negative traits in comparison to faces with no anomalies ( Hartung et al. in 2019, Workman et al., 2020). This study suggests that our system of valuation is not precise. Apart from comparing aesthetics and quality, the valuations of beauty can also be applied to wellbeing. In line with evolutionary psychology, being attractive is a signal to those who are healthy mates and healthy, which can ensure that offspring are healthy as well ( Grammer et al. 2003). Therefore, the connection between beauty and health could be rooted in deep evolutionary history.

The concept of wellness has been around for several years. For instance, Aristotle discussed how wellness is connected to the pursuit of pleasure (the pursuit of pleasure) and the concept of eudaimonia (the development of virtue; Huta and Waterman, 2014). In modern societies that are materially advanced ( Chen et al. 2015Koskinen et and. 2017), Wellness typically refers to whole-person health that emphasizes self-interest, self-awareness, and improvement in self ( Mueller and Kaufmann 2001). The pursuit of health and wellness for both the physical and the mental is a key element of a healthy lifestyle ( Chen et al., 2015Valentine, 2016; Valentine, Lee et and., 2019). Like beauty, wellness can be difficult to define, and its meaning can be reinterpreted ( Corbin and Pangrazi 2001Koskinen et and. 2017). Beyond the realm of medicine and health Wellness is also associated with active practices like exercises and meditation ( Chen et al. 2015) and the pursuit of self-realization and a desire for satisfaction ( Ryan and Deci 2001Diener and Biswas-Diener 2011Ryff, 2018). The trend toward wellness in the culture is evident in a growing wellness market ( Lee et al. 2019), which was valued at 4.2 trillion dollars as of 2017. ( Global Wellness Institute 2017.). This makes wellness an important factor in the purchase of goods and services ( Featherstone, 2010). The wide variety of associations of wellness with health, virtue, and recreation ( Koskinen et al. 2017) What do people perceive the concept of wellness as it is expressed in the natural language of our society?

The beauty industry typically advertises its products as a reflection of the inner beauty and health of a person and focuses on a psychological connection between the two notions.